Antisocial personality disorder symptoms and support
There are 10 recognised types of personality disorder, and antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) can often be one of the most challenging. Here, we explore the disorder in more detail, outlining the signs and symptoms and providing information on the support that’s available.
What is ASPD?
People with antisocial personality disorder will typically be manipulative, deceitful and reckless. They often engage in dangerous and sometimes illegal behaviours, which can result in them receiving criminal records. They repeatedly do things that they know to be wrong and which other people find difficult to accept.
This condition can cause sufferers to feel indifferent after mistreating others, as they find it difficult to understand why other people become upset.
As with other types of personality disorder, ASPD can be thought of as being on a spectrum. This means that it can often vary in severity, with some sufferers only demonstrating occasionally bad or reckless behaviour, whereas others with this diagnosis repeatedly break the law, hurt other people, and engage in serious crimes on a regular basis.
What are the symptoms of ASPD?
Symptoms of ASPD include:
- An inability to follow rules or even obey the law
- A lack of understanding of social norms
- Not learning from mistakes
- Lying to others and being deceitful
- Aggression and irritability
- Acting in an impulsive and reckless manner
- Repeatedly disregarding, manipulating and violating the rights of other people
- Feeling indifferent after mistreating or abusing another person, or trying to justify actions
- An inability to feel guilt, regret or remorse
- Finding it difficult to maintain close personal relationships
- Blaming others for any problems
- Experiencing uncontrollable angry outbursts
Support and treatment for ASPD
Inpatient and outpatient treatment
Depending on the severity of a person’s antisocial personality disorder, as well as their needs and circumstances, they will be treated in either an inpatient or outpatient setting.
At Priory, our inpatients stay in hospital on a residential basis to undergo intensive ASPD treatment. When the condition becomes difficult for a person to manage, this structured and intensive treatment programme can be valuable. It also gives a person time away from their usual living situation in order to remove any negative influences that might be making their ASPD worse.
During outpatient treatment, the person attends sessions with a consultant or a therapist, but lives at home. They attend weekly sessions or full days, depending on what is best. Outpatient or day care treatment can be particularly useful if ongoing care is needed as opposed to intensive 24-hour support.
Dialectical behaviour therapy (DBT)
Whether receiving inpatient, day care or outpatient treatment, a person will receive ‘talking therapy’. There are lots of different types, but one of the most widely used techniques used for ASPD is dialectical behaviour therapy (DBT).
The aim of DBT is to help a person learn to control distressing and extreme emotions, such as anger and aggression, by challenging them with alternative, healthier and more positive ways of thinking. This method can help to reduce any rigid and self-destructive thought patterns that are causing a person to experience problems in their day-to-day life, and their relationships with others.
While there is no medication specifically designed to treat personality disorders such as ASPD, certain mood stabilisers or anti-psychotic medications may be used during treatment, especially if a person has a pre-existing mental health condition such as depression, anxiety or bipolar disorder.
Contact Priory today
If you are struggling with a diagnosis of ASPD, it’s important to recognise that you don’t have to struggle alone. Contact Priory today to find out how we can support you.