What is equine therapy and how does it help in the treatment of mental health conditions?
Caring for and interacting with animals has many proven health benefits. As it provides people with companionship, comfort and a strong sense of wellbeing, it’s no surprise that animals have been used for therapeutic purposes throughout history.
Whilst a range of animals can be used in therapy, including dogs, cats, guinea pigs and even fish, equine therapy (therapy involving horses) has been found to be particularly effective in helping individuals to process and change negative behaviours.
Here, we explore equine assisted therapy in more detail, and discuss the benefits we see when using horses as part of our addiction and mental health treatment.
What is equine therapy?
Equine assisted therapy is a holistic, experiential and highly specialised form of therapy that involves working in collaboration with a horse, your therapist and an expert horse handler.
During sessions, you don’t actually ride the horse. Instead, you carry out tasks such as feeding, grooming and leading the horse. Sessions usually take place in small groups, where you may have specific tasks or ‘obstacles’ to overcome.
After sessions, you have the chance to discuss your experiences and emotions with your therapist.
What is the goal of equine therapy?
At the beginning, your equine therapy sessions will focus on helping you overcome any initial uneasiness, empowering you to develop and nurture your relationship with the horse.
Working with horses requires patience, understanding, discipline and responsibility. Horses can be stubborn one day and playful the next, meaning that you need to be flexible, innovative and open to altering your behaviour.
By working through equine therapy, you can develop skills such as communication, self-control, problem solving and accountability, as well as improve your self-esteem, empathy, flexibility and independence.
It gives you the opportunity to discover more about your capabilities, develop new ways of thinking and change negative behaviours. For example, by working with the horse, you may start to notice self-defeating thought processes or negative patterns of behaviour, giving you to opportunity to take steps to overcome them.
What are the benefits of equine therapy?
Many of the benefits are likely due to the nature of the horses themselves. Horses are naturally gentle and calm creatures, and are able to mirror and respond to human behaviour, meaning that they are highly effective at interacting and working with others in a patient and non-judgemental manner.
Those who struggle to articulate how they’re feeling often find equine therapy useful as they’re able to express their emotions and feelings with their horse. In addition, individuals who find it hard to trust others or be intimate with people, can often achieve a strong bond and a level of closeness with their horse, and experience affection, acceptance and mutual respect.
Equine therapy doesn’t just result in psychological benefits - it has physical benefits too. Equine therapy has been found to reduce people’s blood pressure and heart rate, and help to calm physical symptoms of conditions such as anxiety and stress.
Peter came to Priory struggling with acute social anxiety, and had developed a habit of using alcohol to make social situations easier. In the days leading up to his first session of equine therapy, Peter was very anxious; his behaviour towards his peers and therapists changed dramatically and he became irritable and tense.
On the day of his equine therapy session, Peter became very quiet and withdrawn. However, when Peter was paired with his horse, Harry, he discovered that by asking for support from his peers and therapist, he was able to touch the horse and work closely with him. As his confidence grew, Peter began to feed and stroke Harry, who remained still and patient throughout the session. Through equine therapy, Peter found courage, learnt that his anxiety can be irrational, and learnt that by taking things slowly and asking for support, he could achieve things that he never thought he would be able to.
Fatima came to Priory struggling with addiction issues, and underwent equine therapy as part of her treatment programme. During a session, Fatima was visualising her recovery journey and walking through various ‘obstacles’ with her horse. When they reached a ‘nurturing’ obstacle, Fatima began to whisper to her horse about her emotions of grief and loss, which up until this point, she had not been able to talk about during group therapy sessions. Her horse responded to her in a gentle and soothing way, and stood between her and the rest of the group in a protective manner, nurturing her. As a result of this experience, Fatima was able to start talking about her grief and loss during group therapy, and how these emotions may be contributing to her addictive behaviours.
Which mental health conditions can equine therapy support?
As equine assisted therapy is widely considered to be effective in facilitating behavioural changes, it can be used to treat a wide range of mental health conditions, including:
- Eating disorders
- Anger management issues
- Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
- Bereavement and grief
- Autistic spectrum disorders (ASDs)
- Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and attention deficit disorder (ADD)
- Bipolar disorder
- Personality disorders
We are pleased to be able to offer equine therapy at a number of our Priory sites, helping individuals to overcome their mental health challenges. If you would like to find out more about the service, please call the phone number below.
*Names have been changed to protect patient identity.